Bioactive peptides laden nano and micro-sized particles enriched ECM inspired dressing for skin regeneration in diabetic wounds.

Materials Today Bio  08 March 2022 | https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtbio.2022.100235

C K Nanditha, G S Vinod Kumar

ABSTRACT

Hard to heal wounds such as diabetic wounds is one of the major problems in the healthcare sector. Delayed healing and shortfall of functional restoration at the wound site require upgraded wound management aids. In this study, we report that a nanofibrous mat enriched with bioactive peptides laden nano and microparticles achieve the requirements as an effective diabetic wound dressing. By means of electrospinning method, we fabricated Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)/Collagen nano-scale mat and surface functionalised with wound healing peptides, laden Chitosan nano and micro-sized particles, creating an Extracellular Matrix (ECM) -like structure with biomimetic features. The developed dressing displayed good cytocompatibility with Keratinocyte and fibroblast cells and enhanced their in-vitro cell proliferation and migration. Experiments in the streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice model showed that bioactive peptides released from Chitosan particles shorten the inflammatory stage and promote neovascularisation. The supporting nanoscale matrix promotes increased collagen deposition in the wound beds, thereby hastening the complete healing process by substantial tissue re-generation and functional restoration. The results evince that the nano/microparticles enriched nano-scale mat show potential as an effective wound repair dressing for diabetic wounds.

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