The centrosomal recruitment of γ -tubulin and its microtubule nucleation activity is α-fodrin guided.

Cell Cycle   September 09, 2022| https://doi.org/10.1080/15384101.2022.2119516

Jamuna S. Sreeja,Athira Jyothy,Rohith Kumar Nellikka,Sayan Ghorai,Paul Ann Riya,Jackson James and Suparna Sengupta

ABSTRACT

The regulation and recruitment of γ-TuRCs, the prime nucleator of microtubules, to the centrosome are still thrust areas of research. The interaction of fodrin, a sub-plasmalemmal cytoskeletal protein, with γ-tubulin is a new area of interest. To understand the cellular significance of this interaction, we show that depletion of α-fodrin brings in a significant reduction of γ-tubulin in neural cell centrosomes making it functionally under-efficient. This causes a loss of nucleation ability that cannot efficiently form microtubules in interphase cells and astral microtubules in mitosis. Fluorescence Recovery after Photobleaching (FRAP) experiment implies that α-fodrin is important in the recruitment of γ-tubulin to the centrosome resulting in the aforementioned effects. Further, our experiments indicate that the interaction of α-fodrin with certain pericentriolar matrix proteins such as Pericentrin and CDK5RAP2 are crucial for the recruitment of γ-tubulin to the centrosome. Earlier we reported that α-fodrin limits the nucleation potential of γ-TuRC. In that context, this study suggests that α-fodrin is a γ-tubulin recruiting protein to the centrosome thus preventing cytoplasmic microtubule nucleation and thereby compartmentalizing the process to the centrosome for maximum efficiency. Summary statementα-fodrin is a γ-tubulin interacting protein that controls the process of γ-tubulin recruitment to the centrosome and thereby regulates the microtubule nucleation capacity spatially and temporally.

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