PTEN-negative endometrial cancer cells protect their genome through enhanced DDB2 expression associated with augmented nucleotide excision repair.

BMC Cancer  | 04 May 2023| doi.org/10.1186/s12885-023-10892-5

Fathima Hameed J S, Anjali Devarajan , Devu Priya M S , Ahel Bhattacharyya , Mayur Balkrishna Shirude ,Debasree Dutta, Parimal Karmakar, and Ananda Mukherjee

ABSTRACT

BackgroundEndometrial cancer (EC) arises from uterine endometrium tissue and is the most prevalent cancer of the female reproductive tract in developed countries. It has been predicted that the global prevalence of EC will increase in part because of its positive association with economic growth and lifestyle. The majority of EC presented with endometrioid histology and mutations in the tumor suppressor gene PTEN, resulting in its loss of function. PTEN negatively regulates the PI3K/Akt/mTOR axis of cell proliferation and thus serves as a tumorigenesis gatekeeper. Through its chromatin functions, PTEN is also implicated in genome maintenance procedures. However, our comprehension of how DNA repair occurs in the absence of PTEN function in EC is inadequate.

Methods We utilized The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data analysis to establish a correlation between PTEN and DNA damage response genes in EC, followed by a series of cellular and biochemical assays to elucidate a molecular mechanism utilizing the AN3CA cell line model for EC.

Results The TCGA analyses demonstrated an inverse correlation between the expression of the damage sensor protein of nucleotide excision repair (NER), DDB2, and PTEN in EC. The transcriptional activation of DDB2 is mediated by the recruitment of active RNA polymerase II to the DDB2 promoter in the PTEN-null EC cells, revealing a correlation between increased DDB2 expression and augmented NER activity in the absence of PTEN.

Conclusion Our study indicated a causal relationship between NER and EC that may be exploited in disease management

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