Nanoscale Advances 12 March 2021 | doi.org/10.1039/D0NA00926A
Amritha Vijayan, Nanditha CK and G. S. Vinod Kumar
Polymeric nanofibrous scaffolds provide fine-tuned structures with inter-connecting pores resembling natural extracellular matrix (ECM) in tissues, and show good potential in assisting the creation of artificial functional tissue. Additional application of growth factors helps to regulate the cellular behaviors and tissue assembly in the scaffolds, which eases the healing process. In this study, we synthesized an electrospun polymer scaffold system enriched with nanoparticles containing growth factors for accelerated healing of diabetic wounds. BSA nanoparticles were synthesized by cross-linking with PEG aldehyde. To free amino group of BSA, heparin was conjugated by EDC/NHS chemistry. The angiogenic growth factors bFGF and VEGF were bound to heparin by electrostatic interaction. These nanoparticles were adsorbed on to electrospun Collagen/PLGA/Chitosan nanofiber. The synthesized nanofiber system was evaluated in vitro for its cell viability and proliferation. In vivo experiments conducted in a streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice model, showed accelerated wound healing. The excellent healing efficiency of this ECM-mimicking nanofiber scaffold makes it a great candidate for therapeutic application in diabetic wounds.