Cancer Cell International 29 October 2021| 10.1186/s12935-021-02279-y
Aswani P Krishna, Sebastian John, Puja Laxmanrao Shinde and Rashmi Mishra* (*Corresponding author)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a deadly brain tumour with minimal survival rates due to the ever-expanding heterogeneity, chemo and radioresistance. Kinases are known to crucially drive GBM pathology; however, a rationale therapeutic combination that can simultaneously inhibit multiple kinases has not yet emerged successfully. Here, we analyzed the GBM patient data from several publicly available repositories and deduced hub GBM kinases, most of which were identified to be SUMOylated by SUMO2/3 isoforms. Not only the hub kinases but a significant proportion of GBM upregulated genes involved in proliferation, metastasis, invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, stemness, DNA repair, stromal and macrophages maintenance were also identified to be the targets of SUMO2 isoform. Correlatively, high expression of SUMO2 isoform was found to be significantly associated with poor patient survival. Although many natural products and drugs are evidenced to target general SUMOylation, however, our meta-analysis strongly calls for the need to design SUMO2/3 or even better SUMO2 specific inhibitors and also explore the SUMO2 transcription inhibitors for universally potential, physiologically non-toxic anti-GBM drug therapy.